A Preliminary Study on the Trafficking in Women during the Great Famine in Shaanxi Province (1928-1930)
AbstractBased on the archives of Shaanxi during the Republic of China, including Shaanxi Yearbook and related reports, we try to restore the phenomenon of the trafficking in women during the Great Famine in Shaanxi province from 1928 to 1930. Trafficking in women and girl that means for the purpose of selling or exploiting, the main methods are abduction, kidnapping, fraud, transportation, transfer and so on. Compared with the Trafficked male, women are in a more tragic situation. In view of this situation, we will generalize the main ways and characteristics of the trafficking in women in Shaanxi during that period. On this basis, we will delve into the causes of this phenomenon, including political, economic, and cultural traditions. Then, describe in detail the harm caused by the phenomenon of trafficking. Finally, we summarize the social assistance activities and enlightenment at that time, like civil society organizations and official cooperation activities. In this great famine, the number of women being trafficked is shocking, their situation is tragic. Looking through the history books of ancient Chinese, there are many incidents of women being trafficked in famine. For example, Han Shu records that there was a great famine in the early Han Dynasty. At that time, the phenomenon of frequent purchases of women in the society was serious. We hope that through the study of the phenomenon of trafficking in women in the Great Famine in Shaanxi Province, we can further judge the impact of hunger factors in trafficking. At the same time, we hope it is helpful to solve to the problem of women’s trafficking.
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