Cybercrime: An Emerging Global Challenge for the States


  • Maria Kanwal Fatima Jinnah Women University
  • Qurat Ul Ain Zahoor Fatima Jinnah Women University
  • Saira Muassart Fatima Jinnah Women University
  • Zainab Iqbal Fatima Jinnah Women University
  • Dr. Nadia Khadam Fatima Jinnah Women University


With an ever-increasing use of the internet and technology, cyber crimes have become a crucial global concern. Cybercrimes refer to all the illegal activities carried out using technology. It is buying and selling of malware, and individuals’ personal information illegally. This research focuses on different types of cybercrimes, such as hacking, cyber pornography, and cyber terrorism, etc. Cybercrime not only affects personal, business information, and Intellectual property but also damages reputation. According to the CSIS report, 2,299,682 cases of cybercrime are reported in 2020 and as a result of financial embezzlement carried out on the internet, individuals and the government had lost more than 1 trillion dollars per year around the world. Cybercrime has a direct and significant impact on jobs, innovation, economic growth, and investment. This paper strives to find out the causes of cyber perpetration and also suggest measures for its control. Cybercrime can be controlled by implementing digital and physical security methods, maintaining asset lists, patches, and updates, etc. This paper suggests a system of administrative regulations backed by criminal penalties that will provide the reason necessary to create a workable deterrent to cybercrime.

Author Biographies

Maria Kanwal, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Maria Kanwal is a hardworking and intelligent student of LLB at Fatima Jinnah Women's University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. She was born in Harronabad and completed her early and intermediate education in Rawalpindi. She is strongly motivated by the idea of women empowerment and is very keen to spread awareness among people of the world about the current issues, that is why she participated in the 6th Global International Conference and gave a presentation. She has chosen to study law inspired by Asma Javed, a great human rights lawyer who did a lot for empowering women.

Qurat Ul Ain Zahoor, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Qurat Ul Ain Zahoor has completed her intermediate education in pre-medical. Now she is studying law at Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi. She originates from Azad Kashmir. She has an interest in many social activities. She participated in many debate competitions. She likes to talk about social issues. She also participated in GIC to highlight the different issues that are faced by COVID-19. She has choosen law inspired by advocates’ struggle to defend people's lives. She thinks that a good and truthful lawyer can also save a life like a doctor.

Saira Muassart, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Saira Muassart was born in Rawalpindi. She has done her intermediate education in computer science. She is currently studying law at Fatima Jinnah Women University. Her ambitioon since childhood has been to be a lawyer in the future because she wants justice for people. She has the interest to work for her country and that is why she chose law. She loves to participate in extra-curricular activities like debates, poetry competitions. She participated in GIC to show her presentation talent.

Zainab Iqbal, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Zainab Iqbal is currently working as a Lecturer in the Department of Law at Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. She has completed her Master's Degree (LLM International Law) in 2019 from International Islamic University, Islamabad. In her LLM, she wrote a thesis on “The Need for a Comprehensive Arms Trade Treaty to Prevent Violations of International Humanitarian Law”. She has served as a consultant for various international organizations, including UN Women, British Council, and EU.

Dr. Nadia Khadam, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Dr. Nadia Khadam is currently serving as Assistant Professor/Head of the Department of Law at Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan. After getting practical advocacy experience, she joined the Ph.D program in Criminal Law, Policy and Procedure. Her areas of research are criminal law, cybercrime laws, cyber security policies, e-commerce policy, and reform in the justice sector of Pakistan. She is associated with different initiatives concerning internet governance in Pakistan. Moreover, she represented Pakistan at different national and international forums.






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