Global Partners in Education Journal, Vol 5, No 2 (2015)

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Effects of Polish Migration throughout the European Union Since 2004

Anna Maria Hejnar


Polish Immigration has consistently been in the headlines in recent years as a result from joining the European Union in 2004. The Opened Borders are seen as a new hope for a better life. Migration to EU countries has become a choice for some and a financial requirement for others. As a result, with over 2 million Polish workers live abroad and there is a need for examining responsible migration in Poland.  The aim of this paper is to discuss the current impact of migration on Poland through my experience as a recent migrant-returnee. The main focus will evolve around reasons for an intellectual ‘brain drain’, industrial skill shortages, and specialized professionals in the healthcare and education sectors that directly concerns the development of Polish society. The Polish government’s policies are a main problem that appears to be flawed as they do not attempt to raise social standards of living which consequently only encourage further migration. The paper will argue that the current Polish government has undertaken very limited actions to stabilize the welfare and security of its citizens and discourage migration to EU countries. As a result, the impact on the future of Poland –education and the healthcare system; economic productivity; and the ability to fund services through locally raised taxation – is seriously challenged. The conclusion points to the need for change and an alternative approach by encouraging the skilled and educated to remain in Poland and work towards Poland’s development.

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