Impact Analysis of Glacial Lakes on Land Use Land Cover Dynamics of Karakoram Using Satellite Imagery from 1998-2018


  • Anila Alam Fatima Jinnah Women University
  • Aliya Fazal Fatima Jinnah Women University
  • Karamat Ali Karakoram International University


Land use land cover change (LULCC) detection is vital for managing natural resources and monitoring environmental changes. Ishkoman valley being a part of glaciated region is facing the problem of altered land features. Natural disasters triggered by human activities are altering the land cover of the basin. The valley is facing the floods, GLOF and landslides almost every year from glacier melt due to temperature fluctuation.

Present exploration is to identify LULC dynamics in context of the creation of an artificial lake in Ishkoman basin which had blocked the flow of Immit River. GIS and RS techniques were applied for geographic and temporal evaluation of land use modifications in the Ishkoman basin from the year 1998 to 2018. It is identified that barren land and vegetation cover of region declined significantly in twenty years while snow and glacier cover was increased.

Author Biographies

Anila Alam, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Ms. Anila Alam has completed her BS in Environmental Sciences from Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi in 2019. Her BS research work was “Identification of hazard and risk from glacier lakes in the Karakoram using satellite imagery from 2000-2018”. Right after graduation, she got involved in a base line survey conducted by ICIMOD in different regions of Gilgit-Baltistan. She has a keen interest to work as a meteorologist and wishes to pursue MPhil in the field of GIS and RS.

Aliya Fazal, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Dr. Aliya Fazal is currently working as Assistant Professor in the department of Chemistry, of Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. She obtained her PhD degree in the field of Environmental Sciences from the same university in year 2012. Her PhD study was “Chemistry, kinetics and activation of biomaterials for waste water treatment”. Dr. Aliya has presented her research work in many international conferences and published research articles in diverse fields. Her research interests are metal nanoparticles synthesis & applications, biofuel production & desulfurization of fossil fuel, GLOF risk mapping, drinking water quality assessment, and pollutants remediation. She has supervised 17 BS students and 5 MPhil scholars in their research pursuit.

Karamat Ali, Karakoram International University

Dr. Karamat Ali is a lecturer in the department of Environmental Sciences, Karakoram International University (KIU) Gilgit, Pakistan. He has completed his MSc in Geography from Karachi University, MPhil from KIU and PhD in Environmental Sciences from Kathmandu University. His PhD study was “Flash flood hazard and vulnerability assessment in the Gilgit River Basin, Norther areas of Pakistan”. Dr. Karamat joined KIU as a contractual faculty in 2006 and become permanent in 2012. His research interest includes disaster risk assessment & reduction, GIS and RS based GLOFs risk assessment, Land use Land cover change & Climate change impact assessment. He has published a few papers on various topics and supervised more than 30 BS students and currently supervising 5 MPhil scholars. He completed three research projects as PI and Co-PI and is currently involved in the project titled “Scaling up and transferring community-managed rural water systems to urban” funded by British Academy Infrastructure Well-Being Project.





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